青春,致我们慢慢远去的青春

最近是五一国际劳动节和五四青年节,似乎在国内社交网站上是不能提着两个节日的来源,也不能纪念当年发生的那些事情。

刚好,看了一个算是喜剧的电影,《老师·好》。

导演: 张栾
编剧: 张栾 / 徐伟
主演: 于谦 / 汤梦佳 / 王广源 / 秦鸣悦 / 徐子力
类型: 剧情
制片国家/地区: 中国大陆
语言: 汉语普通话
上映日期: 2019-03-22(中国大陆)
片长: 111分钟
又名: 我们最好的时光 / 你是我生命中的一首歌 / 老师好 / Song of Youth

IMDb链接: tt10066162

laoshihao.jpg

故事讲的时代大致上就是七零后的人在高中时代的事情,差不多也就是在三十年前的背景。估计很多七零后看了会看到自己的影子,或者同学的影子。还挺青春,挺怀旧的。

刚好 Youtube 上有,就贴上了,如果链接失效了,再取下。

还是要说回开头的两个节日,在学生时代算是搞活动的日子,歌咏会等等,红五月么,总是要搞些事情出来的。

今天晚饭的时候,还同小女儿交流了一下,五四,以及第一次世界大战的一些历史知识,还有之后巴黎和会,五四游行,火烧赵家楼等等。关于五一,说了工会,工人,和要求8小时工作的事件。很多她都学过,只是回顾一下,看看我们两代人,受的不同的教育,对于历史事件的看法是否一致。

按照维基百科的中文条目说法如下:

1866年,第一国际日内瓦会议提出八小时工作制的口号。1886年5月1日,以美国芝加哥为中心,在美国举行了约35万人参加的大规模罢工和示威游行[1],示威者要求改善劳动条件,实行八小时工作制。5月3日芝加哥政府出动警察镇压,并向人群开枪,打死了四个人,受伤者无数。这件事引起了整个芝加哥城沸腾,各工会决议于5月4日在干草市广场举行群众大会,约2,500名劳工,情绪虽然激昂,过程却非常和平。一场突如其来的大雨将群众淋得只剩两百多人左右。正当劳工正要开始收场时,忽然开来一队180名全副武装的警察,将现场包围起来,命令他们马上解散。就在双方在争论的时候,突然发生了爆炸事件,场面顿时大乱。在黑暗中,警察向群众开火,人们四处逃窜。 共计有十名劳工当场被打死,[来源请求]而警察也因彼此误射而死伤惨重,这就是历史上闻名的"干草市广场惨案"。

事后警察与新闻界一口咬定是无政府主义者丢的炸弹,要求处以极刑。因此,警方大事逮捕劳工领袖,最后以谋杀罪起诉八个人。其中有五个人那晚根本没到会场,只不过他们都是工会运动的活跃份子,警方正好借机一网打尽。[来源请求]

审判最后,除了一人被判十五年外,二人被判无期徒刑外,五人都判死刑。 而其中的一位工运领袖奥古斯都.史比司(August Spies)在临刑前说:"总有一天,我们的沉默 ,会远比今天你们所要压制的言论更为宏亮有力!"[2]。直到1889年,为了纪念这段壮烈的历史,在巴黎举行的第二国际成立大会通过决议,将5月1日定为国际劳工节,要求各国的劳工共同努力,为八小时工作日而奋斗。今日有"干草市场烈士纪念碑"(Haymarket Martyrs' Monument)以纪念此事殉难者。

美国直到1935年小罗斯福总统执政时,八小时工作制定于法律中才予以确立。

维基百科的英文条目的说法是这样的:

Beginning in the late 19th century, as the trade union and labour movements grew, a variety of days were chosen by trade unionists as a day to celebrate labour. In the United States and Canada, a September holiday, called Labor or Labour Day, was first proposed in the 1880s. In 1882, Matthew Maguire, a machinist, first proposed a Labor Day holiday on the first Monday of September[nb 1] while serving as secretary of the Central Labor Union (CLU) of New York.[8] Others argue that it was first proposed by Peter J. McGuire of the American Federation of Labor in May 1882,[9] after witnessing the annual labour festival held in Toronto, Canada.[10] In 1887, Oregon was the first state of the United States to make it an official public holiday. By the time it became an official federal holiday in 1894, thirty US states officially celebrated Labor Day.[9] Thus by 1887 in North America, Labour Day was an established, official holiday but in September,[11] not on 1 May.

1 May was chosen to be International Workers' Day to commemorate the 1886 Haymarket affair in Chicago.[12] In that year beginning on 1 May, there was a general strike for the eight-hour workday. On 4 May, the police acted to disperse a public assembly in support of the strike when an unidentified person threw a bomb. The police responded by firing on the workers. The event led to the deaths of seven police officers and at least four civilians; sixty police officers were injured, as were an unknown number of civilians.[13] Hundreds of labour leaders and sympathizers were later rounded-up and four were executed by hanging, after a trial that was seen as a miscarriage of justice.[14][nb 2] The following day on 5 May in Milwaukee Wisconsin, the state militia fired on a crowd of strikers killing seven, including a schoolboy and a man feeding chickens in his yard.[16]

In 1889, a meeting in Paris was held by the first congress of the Second International, following a proposal by Raymond Lavigne that called for international demonstrations on the 1890 anniversary of the Chicago protests.[6] May Day was formally recognized as an annual event at the International's second congress in 1891.[citation needed] Subsequently, the May Day riots of 1894 occurred. The International Socialist Congress, Amsterdam 1904 called on "all Social Democratic Party organisations and trade unions of all countries to demonstrate energetically on the First of May for the legal establishment of the 8-hour day, for the class demands of the proletariat, and for universal peace."[7] The congress made it "mandatory upon the proletarian organisations of all countries to stop work on 1 May, wherever it is possible without injury to the workers."[7]

A 1 May rally in Bucharest in 1967
May Day has been a focal point for demonstrations by various socialist, communist and anarchist groups since the Second International. May Day is one of the most important holidays in communist countries such as the North Korea, Cuba and the former Soviet Union countries. May Day celebrations in these countries typically feature elaborate workforce parades, including displays of military hardware and soldiers.

In 1955, the Catholic Church dedicated 1 May to "Saint Joseph the Worker". Saint Joseph is the patron saint of workers and craftsmen, among others.[17]

During the Cold War, May Day became the occasion for large military parades in Red Square by the Soviet Union and attended by the top leaders of the Kremlin, especially the Politburo, atop Lenin's Mausoleum. It became an enduring symbol of that period.

Today, the majority of countries around the world celebrate a workers' day on 1 May.

五四运动,则是发生在一战结束之后的事情了。学生为不公义的巴黎和会条款,而上街,后来还有老师,工人,商人,各地都有。

还有一件同学生有关的事情,发生在三十年前,当年,高中生也上街了,虽然没有做什么,但至少涨了见识,看到过人民广场上人山人海的样子。

青春总是激情四射,精力也旺盛,看到不公之事,是拍案既起。随着时光流逝,变成了老人,于是只能瞻仰赡养了。



作者: David Yin
原载: Free Thinking
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